"Pregnancy and childbirth can be the greatest and most fulfilling of a woman's experiences. It is important that their contribution to life be a time of strength, joy, and happiness. Incorporating bodywork and neuromuscular massage enables one to reduce physical and mental tension, increase strength and endurance, and experience ease and comfort during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum."
William J. McKenzie, Jr., M.D.
Diplomat American Board of Gynecology andObstetrics
Studies indicate that massage therapy performed during pregnancy can reduce anxiety, decrease symptoms of depression, relieve muscle aches and joint pains, and improve labor outcomes and newborn health.
Massage therapy addresses different needs through various techniques which aims to relax muscle tension and improve lymphatic and blood circulation through mild pressure applied to the muscle groups of the body.
Studies done in the past 10 years have shown that hormone levels associated with relaxation and stress are significantly altered leading to mood regulation and improved cardiovascular health, when massage therapy was introduced to women's prenatal care.
In women who received bi-weekly massages for only five weeks, hormones such as norepinephrine and cortisol (stress hormones) were reduced and dopamine and serotonin levels were increased (low levels of these hormones are associated with depression). These changes in hormone levels also led to fewer complications during birth and fewer instances of newborn complications, such as low birth weight.
The evidence points strongly to maternal and newborn health benefits when therapeutic massage is incorporated into regular prenatal care.
Reduction of swelling
Edema, or swelling of the joints during pregnancy, is often caused by reduced circulation and increased pressure on the major blood vessels by the heavy uterus. Massage helps to stimulate soft tissues to reduce collection of fluids in swollen joints, which also improved the removal of tissue waste, carried by the body's lymph system.
Nerve pain improvement
Sciatic nerve pain is experienced by many women in late pregnancy as the uterus rests on muscles of the pelvic floor and lowe back. The pressure of the uterus spreads tension to the muscles of the upper and lower leg, causing them to swell and put pressure on nearby nerves. Massage therapy addresses the inflamed nerves by helping to release the tension on nearby muscles. Many women have experienced significate reduction in sciatic nerve pain during pregnancy through regular massage.
Other potential benefits of prenatal massage are
- reduced back pain
- improved circulation
- reduced muscle tension and headaches
- improved oxygenation of soft tissues and muscles
- better sleep
CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR PRENATAL MASSAGE
Anything that would contraindicate massage in general, i.e. broken bones, tumors, bleeding,burns, and other acute conditions.
A doctors release will be required if the pregnancy is:
- High Risk i.e. twins, previous miscarriages
- The presense of any symptoms that would indicate the possibility the mother is experiencing a miscarriage or pre-term labor;
- a diagnosis of eclampsia or pre-eclampsia
- a diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
For more information on Nutritional Balancing during pregnancy,